The AR 15 is one of the most popular and best-selling rifles in the United States. The gun was originally built in the 1950s as a civilian weapon and was designed for ArmaLite. In fact, the AR stands for “ArmaLite Rifle.”
The AR 15 is powerful, effective, and extremely cool. And by knowing how to shoot an AR 15 the proper way, you’ll be able to protect yourself and your family and also become the star of the shooting range.
There are four main field shooting positions that you should know about – sitting, standing, prone, and kneeling. The position that you choose will depend on what you’re using the weapon for.
If you’re a hunter, then you’re more likely to shoot from a standing position than if you were a tactical-team shooter. Also, because each person’s body is different, different people will be comfortable with different positions.
By understanding how to shoot from each position, you’ll be able to shoot from a position where you’re comfortable and precise.
Interested in learning more? If so, then continue reading and we’ll walk you through everything you need to know!
When you’re not shooting the rifle, your AR 15 should be held in the ready position. There are two non-engagement orientations that you should know about – the ready and indoor ready.
No matter which ready position you’re in, the safety should always be on and your finger should be kept off of the trigger guard until the gun is mounted and on target.
When you’re in the ready position, the butt of the gun should be on your shoulder and the muzzle should be pointed at your target. It should be slightly lowered so that you can see the target over the sights.
You should keep the back of the rifle at level with your shoulder when you’re in the indoor ready position. The muzzle here should be pointed to your off-side and down. The gun should be across the body.
Both of these positions work with a single-point sling.
Mounting the Rifle
No matter what shooting position you choose, it’s crucial that you mount your rifle properly. This is the basis for precise and fast shots.
The toe of the butt needs to be placed tight and high inside your shoulder. It should not be on your shoulder. If you place it on your shoulder, it can end up working its way off when you engage in repetitive firing.
If you place the butt too low, then you’re going to have to bend your neck in order to see through the sights.
The position of the butt might vary, depending on your body and the position that you’re in. When you’re mounting an AR 15, you want to bring the sights up to your eyes. You shouldn’t have to lower your head in order to see the sights.
Wherever your site looks, the barrel is going to follow. And wherever your eyes go, the sight should follow.
You should hold the AR 15 foregrip firmly and use it to pull the gun onto your shoulder. You can also pull the gun back with the support hand. This is easiest to accomplish when you have a vertical foregrip but you can also do it by using the magazine too.
Are you not sure how firmly you should hold the AR 15? Point your gun down-range and increase the tension of your grip until it starts to wobble. Then, reduce the tension until the sights stabilize.
Hold the gun tight and firm, but not too much. Because this weapon is often used for rapid firing, your grip needs to be fairly rigid.
The standing position is the fastest position to get into. Because it offers the most mobility and is easy to obtain, it’s crucial that you master it.
Ideally, your feet will be around shoulder-width apart from each other. The off-site foot and leg will be slightly forward. Your legs should be bent and your shoulders should be aligned vertically with your knees and toes.
This is going to put you in a slightly weight-forward position that can assist with recoil. This stance is similar to if you were firing a pistol.
From a tactical perspective, it’s crucial that you tuck your elbows into your body. This is going to keep you compact and make it easy for you to get through doorways and halls without elbowing a team member in the face. This position will also give you better control of the gun when you’re shooting at targets with multiple shots.
Some people like to put their weak hand on the handguard, in front of the magazine. This allows them to use the magazine as well as a vertical foregrip.
Your weapon should be pulled close to your body with both hands. When you’re moving around barricades, don’t get too close to the barricade. This will limit your mobility.
Remember, the further behind cover you are, the more you’ll be able to laterally move while still taking advantage of the concealment.
There are three kinds of kneeling positions – braced, speed, and double knee. All of these are easy to get into. However, none of them are going to be as stable as the standing position. Kneeling is great if you want to be mobile while making use of low barricades.
In order to get into the speed position, you need to step forward with your weak-side leg and then drop your strong-side knee to the ground. In the braced position, you’ll rest the triceps of your support arm just in front of the elevated kneecap of your weak-side leg. To achieve even more stability, you can sit back on your strong-side foot.
In order to get into the double position, you simply drop to both knees. This will let you adjust your elevation and easily lean to either side by bending at your waist. From this position, you can quickly switch to a braced or speed position or even go into the prone position if you want.
If you want even more stability, you can drop your butt onto your heels. While it’s not technically kneeling, squatting like this will put you at the same elevation as the kneeling position.
Squatting is great if you want to be close to the ground but still very mobile. When you’re kneeling, you might find it more comfortable to bring your support hand in a bit closer to the magazine.
Of all of the intermediate positions, sitting is going to be the most stable. However, it’s also the slowest to get into and out of. There are three main types of sitting positions: open leg, crossed leg, and crossed ankle.
All of these positions provide roughly the same amounts of support and should be chosen based on how comfortable they are to you.
In order to get into the sitting position from a standing one, turn your body 45 degrees from the target to your strong side. Then, cross your feet and sit down.
In order to get into this position from a braced- or speed-kneeling position, hold the gun toward the target with your weak arm. Then, put the palm of your strong hand down onto the ground and sit out. You want to thrust your strong leg forward as you put your butt on the ground.
If you’re not too concerned about mobility and are dealing with a low barricade, then the sitting position can be an excellent pick. You can place either your triceps or elbows on a forward part of your knees and position your legs based on your comfort.
The sitting position is a good choice when you’re dealing with horizontal barricades. However, because it’s harder to lean out, it’s not great with vertical ones.
The prone position is the most stable of these positions. Simply drop to the double-kneeling position and then roll onto your chest. You can break your fall with your free hand.
This is a great way to achieve accuracy when shooting targets downrange that are far away.
The Importance of Knowing How to Shoot an AR 15
As we can see, there are a variety of comfortable and effective ways to use your AR 15. And by knowing how to shoot an AR 15 the proper way, you’ll be able to increase your accuracy and improve your precision. And you can get even better at all of these positions by practicing drills.
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