A compression fracture happens when part of a vertebra, or spine bone collapses.The bones of the spine have two major sections. The vertebral arch is a ring-shaped part that forms the roof of the spinal canal and protects the spine. You can feel the spinous procedures, a structure from this arch, when you press on the skin in the center of your back. Happens When Part of a Vertebra The vertebral body is the cylindrical shaped portion of the vertebral one that lies in front and renders the majority of structural support. In a compression fracture, Part of your vertebrae may collapse because the cracks mean.
The most common kind of compression fracture is a wedge fracture, in which the front of the vertebral body suspends but the back does not, meaning that the bone presumes a wedge shape. Often, more than one vertebra fractures occurs, a condition known as multiple compression fractures. These multiple compression fractures can lead to kyphosis, a spinal malformation when the upper back curves forward, creating the appearance of a humpback. In some cases, an individual who experiences multiple compression fractures may notice a loss of height.
Compression fracture in back treatment may or may not cause symptoms. If compression fractures cause evidences, these may include:
pain in back, arms, or legs
numbness and weakness in arms or legs
over an extended period, patients may experience a loss of height
A compression fracture that occurs all of a sudden can be very painful, but a compression fracture that occurs bit by bit may cause pain only gradually.
Causes and Risk Factors:
Rarely, compression fracture in back treatment occur in healthy vertebrae as a result of trauma. More often, the vertebra with a compression fracture is already lessened. The most common cause of enervating is osteoporosis, a precondition that causes weak and brittle bones.
Tests and Diagnosis to deal compression fracture in back treatment:
To analyze compression fracture, a doctor will take a complete medical history and execute a physical examination. If a compression fracture is suspected, the spine surgeon may order the following diagnostic process:
X-ray –test that utilizes invisible electromagnetic energy beams to make images of bones. X-rays provide an overall determination of the bone anatomy as well as the curvature and alignment of the vertebral column.
Magnetic resonance imaging – a diagnostic procedure to determine compression fracture in back treatment that uses a combination of large magnets, high radio-frequencies, and a computer to produce elaborated images of organs and structures within the body.Computed tomography scan– a diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to project detailed images of the body. A CT scan represents detailed images of any part of the body, encompassing the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more elaborated than general X-rays. Since compression fracture in back treatment usually occur in weakened bone, spine surgeons may order additional tests to look for osteoporosis, tumor or infection.
These treatments include pain medics and modified physical activity. The doctor may urge wearing a brace that helps support the back and prevents bending forward, and hence removes pressure from the fractured vertebrae.