The human body is an ecosystem unto itself. Besides the various subsystems like the circulatory and pulmonary, it also harbors microbiomes everywhere. They exist both on the skin and within. Some of these, like the gut microbiome, are vital to your sustenance. They help digest foods that you would otherwise not be able to. Others can be neutral, while the rest can harm you in more ways than one.
Antibiotics are substances developed to fight against the threat posed by these harmful bacteria. These substances are administered in various forms to eliminate those microbes, wherever they may be. Sometimes, other medications are necessary to compensate for the harm done to the body. As much as these medications help, they can also have side-effects.
This problem gets amplified when there are many types of bacteria present simultaneously. Each requires a different medicine for its elimination. Broad-spectrum antibiotics attack multiple bacterial types simultaneously. The botanical versions of these get sold as Biocidin capsules and similar commercial products. They can counteract the bacteria without the many harmful side effects produced by other antibiotics.
Advantages of Battling Bacteria Botanically
Since broad-spectrum antibiotics need to be effective against a host of bacterial types, they need to have the right mixture of the appropriate compounds. Plant-based derivatives can serve as good alternatives here, as they are extractable from many sources. Available in the form of pills like Biocidin Capsules, they are advantageous in many ways.
Plants have evolved many defense mechanisms against predators over the ages. They have also evolved aromatic substances that help with pollination. In many cases, these aromatic compounds also function as defense mechanisms against microbes, insects, and herbivores. They either make the plant too toxic to eat or unpleasant. They also add flavor and color to the plants.
Such plants have been used in traditional medicine systems globally for since long. While intricate knowledge about the compounds might have been missing, the plants’ effects on the body were noted and used.
In the wake of antibacterial resistance and greater awareness of these traditional substances, increased attention is going towards plant-based medication. About 12,000+ compounds have undergone synthesis, with more being discovered every year. Researchers suspect this is merely 10% of what’s out there.
There are many categories of antimicrobials derived from plant-based sources. The common ones are:
- Phenolics and Polyphenols: Simple bioactive phytochemicals made up of a single phenolic ring that has substitutions. Examples of these include caffeic and cinnamic acids. The former is known to be effective against both bacteria and viruses.
Hydroxylated phenols like catechol and pyrogallol have shown toxicity towards microorganisms. More highly oxidized ones have demonstrated inhibitory properties, meaning stopping the bacteria from going about their business. Eugenol is another type of phenol categorized as a bacteriostatic against both fungi and bacteria.
- Quinones: These are highly reactive and are quite ubiquitous. Their coloring ability is behind the browning of cut fruits and vegetables. They possess a whole range of antimicrobial effects due to their excellent Redox potential.
They target microbial cells via their surface-exposed adhesins, polypeptides of the cell walls, and membrane-bound enzymes. They will also render substrates crucial to microorganisms unavailable. This way, the microbes are starved of the essentials.
- Flavones: These, along with their derivatives flavonoids and flavonols, are versions of phenols. Plants synthesize these when they are undergoing a microbial infection. Such purpose-specific property has made them effective against a wide range of microbes.
Catechins found in substances like oolong green tea have shown inhibitive and other antimicrobial properties. Flavonoid compounds have shown effectiveness against some viruses as well.
- Tannins: These compounds get their name from their ability to tan leather. They are present in many parts of the plant, from the root to the leaves. They have gained fame as anti-infection substances in recent years.
Research has shown that they can be toxic to fungi and bacteria. Some evidence also indicates direct deactivation of the microbes.
- Alkaloids: These are other famous groups, with examples like morphine and codeine. They appear effective against microbial infections, particularly those brought on by HIV/AIDS in the intestinal region.
Berberine, a famous member of this group, has shown effectiveness against plasmoids and trypanosomes.
Many other substances having antibiotic properties include Lectins and Polypeptides, Terpenoids and Essential Oils, and Phenolic Coumarins. They exhibit inhibitive and destructive antibiotic activities in one form or another. They can also help restore the Gut Biome in some cases.
Humans are a life form that’s teeming with other, smaller ones like bacteria. And when some cause harm, it’s best to rely on compounds found in plants to solve the problem. Commercial products like Biocidin Capsules bring that broad-spectrum antibiotic help to the palm of your hand.