Autism spectrum syndrome is a different kind of brain development that leads to different behavioral patterns in humans like unenthusiastic communication and socialization, repetitive behavior, sensitivity to light, sound, and touch, and sometimes becoming hyper. Autism is not an abnormality it is a way to work the brain differently. Sometimes ASD diagnosed people are found to have a great interest in science and math. Through therapy, ASD-diagnosed children can live normal lives.
Different types of therapy:
Play Therapy: Play Therapy has been so far an effective way to train children through playtime which helps to develop communication skills, social skills and adopt new ways to learn things. It also slowly eliminates the fear of meeting new people.
- Floortime: Floor time involves a playground with the participation of parents, teachers or therapists, and the student to enhance communication skills through games. Adding a new word, toy or object will enable them to learn about new things and become habituated.
- IPG is an integrated playground where ASD and without ASD children play together with the therapist’s direction. This leads the ASD children to learn behavior from other children. This has been proven a productive way to improve ASD children’s communication.
- JASPER: It is a preschool playtime method where the students are trained to focus on both toys and people at the same time which increases the concentration power and focus. After a few therapies betterment is proved scientifically.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA):
It is the most widely accepted therapy to teach students social, verbal, reasoning skills, and challenging behavior. It is mostly one to one session through positive reinforcement and observation. It is a step-by-step process starting from observing, identifying the child’s specific difficulties, and making a customized plan for him/her. Therapists try different approaches to solve children’s challenges like self-injury, socializing, making bonding with parents, asking for their toys, and improving communication skills. There are numerous efficacious ways to involve the children in learning without pressuring them much.
Like, EIBI is designed for children’s early development in communication and socialization. Pivotal training leads to working on specific problems with specific skills.
Applied behavior analysis is expensive and requires one-to-one sessions at the beginning stage. It also requires parents’ engagement. Recently telehealth autism therapy is substituting the traditional one which is more affordable.
RDI: This therapy requires parent’s involvement. Parents are taught first, then they teach their children. This therapy specializes in developing strong bondage between parents and children. It is expensive but telehealth autism therapy has made it accessible to a large number of people.
Sensory integration therapy: Many children suffering from ASD are susceptive to sensations like light, touch, sound. Therapists work one to one to regulate reactions from children through this therapy using different methods according to the child’s need. Like, make students familiar with the things that they are usually afraid of.
Lack of effective communication leads to frustration and maladaptive behavior among ASD patients. From a young age, they need a different approach to therapy to make communication smooth. It might be one-to-one therapy or with any device would be fine. Recently, telehealth autism therapy has eased the difficulty. Now, therapists can give instruction online and parents can imitate those and help their children to learn. It can also be recorded to review to clear any confusion.
Earlier therapists used to treat autistic children to work normally but recently that attitude has changed. Now they are treated separately according to their brain development.