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extreme warmth damages human behavior

About a decade ago. On a sweaty summer afternoon, Minu Tiwari went to a yarn factory in Surat, western India. As an urban planner, he often visits to see how different manufacturing companies operate. But that day he discovered something that completely stunned him. That day was a working day. There was no special holiday that day. But still he did not see any working workers. Just machines and machines all around. The whole factory environment is buzzing. After much searching, he found all the workers resting in the shade under a nearby canopy.

What is the reason for leaving work in Bharadupura rest?

The reason is very simple. As a result of the intense heat and heat of the sun, workers often make mistakes when they go to work. Again, many people become unconscious while working on the machine. As a solution to these problems, the company has asked them to rest at this particular time of the day. However, in order to get this extra facility, they have to leave the factory early in the morning and leave the factory much later than the scheduled time.

Warmth and aggression
For more than a century now, scientists have been documenting the effects of extreme heat on humankind. For example, decades ago, social psychologist Craig Anderson and his colleagues showed their undergraduate students four video clips of a conversation between a couple. The tone of a clip was quite

The video clips showed the undergraduate students, each sitting in a room with a thermostat set to one of five different temperatures. That variety began with a minimum of 14 degrees Celsius, and ended with a temperature of 36 degrees Celsius. The researchers then asked the students to score the couple’s level of mutual animosity. From that scoring, Anderson sees that students who were sitting uncomfortably in a warm room judged even the video in neutral tones to be a relatively more hostile clip. But the students who were sitting comfortably in the cool room did the right thing in terms of scoring.

In the light of this study, Anderson came to the conclusion that warmth makes human moods more irritable. So they also find the experiences they experience by their senses to be relatively more nasty. But the problem is, this ‘heat-aggression hypothesis’ has occurred in lab settings. It is very difficult to see whether such a thing can actually happen. Yet recent studies have tried to confirm this notion in many other ways.

Anita Mukherjee, an economist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Nicholas Sanders of Cornell University examined the violence rates at 36 correctional facilities from 2004-10. In all, there are an average of 65 violent incidents per year in each facility. More importantly, on days when the outside temperature rose above 26 degrees Celsius, which is about 60 days a year, the probability of violence among prisoners increased to 16 percent.

Most of those days the temperature rose to a maximum of 34 degrees Celsius. But the readings obtained by the researchers did not mention the high humidity of Mississippi. So in this case there is some incompleteness in the research. Moreover, many older correctional facilities in the United States lack adequate air conditioning, and lack adequate ventilation. Therefore, the temperature inside these facilities can in many cases exceed the temperature outside.

Politicians often claim that providing air-conditioning for inmates in prisons is akin to providing them with elite comfort. But when the temperature inside the prison, where the inmates live, exceeds 120 degrees Fahrenheit, the issue becomes a question of moral values. However, using data from Mississippi, Mukherjee and Sanders conclude that rising temperatures cause more than 4,000 additional violent incidents in the U.S. correctional facilities each year.

In addition, some studies have shown that global warming also increases the amount of violence outside the prison. For example, from May to September 2010-16, the crime rate in Los Angeles was 5.5 percent higher on days when temperatures ranged from 24 to 32 degrees Celsius (65 to 69 degrees Fahrenheit). And on days when the temperature was above 32 degrees Celsius, the rate of violent crime increased by another 10 percent.

Warmth and performance
In this case, you can also consider the students who take exams in many hot school buildings. UCLA economist R. Jisang Park and colleagues sought to understand how high temperatures affect student performance in different parts of the United States. In this case, they have relied on PSAT, the standardized test taken to provide scholarships to high-schoolers.

But it is not easy to cool all the buildings in a city through air conditioning. According to a 2020 UN report, global cooling equipment in 2017 accounted for 16 percent of the total electricity supplied. Even more devastating is the prediction that the use of air conditioning in emerging economies will result in a total energy consumption of 33 times higher by 2100! At the moment these energies come from oil, coal and gas. Tiwari also thinks that ensuring air conditioning for everyone will not be an easy task. They should not hide their disenfranchisement by making any kind of excuse.

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