Currently, our lifestyle is extremely complex, we have become multitasking people from an early age, we demand ourselves to be human beings in high demand, and especially those of us who live in urban environments are surrounded by a large number of stressors, from the moment we wake up until we go back to bed, where we go accompanied by electronic devices where many times we continue working minutes before sleeping, without detaching ourselves from our social networks or we check the world situation in the news in real-time. Information accompanied by sounds and images that carries great emotionally shocking content and we ask ourselves, why do I feel so much anxiety?
First of all
It is important to note that psychological terms must be used responsibly since an anxiety attack itself carries a series of very specific symptoms that must be taken seriously and the patient must be followed up. If you are the one who is suffering from the symptoms that will be indicated below, go to a specialist immediately or if it is a friend or relative, support them by providing them with the number of emergency services so that they can help them to receive timely care.
An anxiety attack is an exacerbated response of our body to a situation that is detected as a danger. It is a maladaptive response in which the patient experiences cognitive, behavioral, and affective symptoms such as restlessness, restlessness, nervousness, disproportionate worry, irrational fear, catastrophic ideas, desire to flee, fear of losing control, or reason, and imminent feeling of death. As well as somatic manifestations or sensations there is an increase in muscle tension, dizziness, sweating, fluctuations in blood pressure, palpitations, increase in the pupillary opening (mydriasis), syncope, tachycardia, paresthesia (tingling sensation), tremor, digestive discomfort, diarrhea, increased urinary frequency, among others.
When a person begins with anxiety symptoms, they may feel ashamed of being observed and this could, in turn, increase the symptoms, leading to a major crisis. When a patient is in an anxiety attack, the major cognitive functions such as decision-making, memory, learning, etc., are affected, making it much more difficult to perform any function. It is very important that when you start with the symptoms you go to a mental health professional. It is generally necessary for the patient to receive multidisciplinary care.
To make a proper diagnosis, the specialist, first of all, a psychiatrist must determine if there is a medical clinical picture associated with a physical disease such as cardiac, respiratory, addictions, etc. The pharmacological picture to be followed will be reviewed and this will be complemented with an effective psychological intervention for the patient, cognitive-behavioral orientation is recommended in these cases.
Panic attacks are more frequently associated with diagnoses such as generalized anxiety, phobias, and panic disorder. However, many people with other disorders have comorbidity with anxiety, and people who do not have any disorder may have an isolated event of a panic attack. Anxiety in cases such as overwork or a traumatic event such as the loss of a family member or witnessing an accident or going through an unexpected separation.
What to do before an anxiety attack if I am experiencing it?
Keep calm is going to happen, yes! Your body detects a danger that can be real or imaginary, always have emergency contacts at hand and call your security contact, try to talk to that person, try to distract the mind, locate yourself in time and space, try to breathe slowly and deeply, stay in a safe place. Seek professional help, don’t wait any longer.
What to do when faced with an anxiety attack if someone I know experiences it?
Be patient, stay close, ask if they want to call someone, if they can talk or if they just want you to stay by their side, if they want to contact or not, just wait for that person to communicate and as soon as they are ready they will tell you what they need. Yes, it is someone you trust and whom you see frequently, make a plan in case it happens again. If you are a couple, go to therapy to plan it together.
Dr. Cynthia Cesar de la Cruz, she obtained a degree in Psychology from the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 2006. She has 14 years of medical experience and specializes in Individual Therapy, Couples Therapy, Therapy for Children, Therapy for Adolescents and Therapy for Adults, Depression, Anxiety, Disorders Personality Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Schizoid Personality Disorder, Codependency, Bullying, Psychopathic Personality, Stress and Eating Disorders.