Laparoscopy and related technologies have been around for the last 40+ years. The devices that can be introduced include instruments for cauterizing wounds or cutting or removal of tissue. The laparoscopy provider makes a small incision in the body and introduces the instruments into the abdomen.
The major laparoscopy procedures possible include laparoscopic pelvic surgery including removal of myomas on the uterus or doing a tubal ligation.Biopsies lend themselves well to laparoscopic surgery. Bariatric (weight loss) surgery can be done via a laparoscope.
Laparoscopic surgeries share the same complications of normal open surgery, such as bleeding, blood clots, and infection. Laparoscopic surgeries have a higher than normal risk of perforation of a bowel structure because it is not always easy to get a good view of everything inside the abdomen and a suture or the device itself can puncture the bowel. This leads to bacteria spreading throughout the abdomen, peritonitis (infection of the abdominal contents) and sepsis (a blood infection). Sepsis has a high rate of death, especially if caught too late. An unintended puncture may be negligent and result in legal action by a medical malpractice lawyer.
Laparoscopy also carries a higher risk of bleeding complications, according to https://www.lawmedmal.ca/. While bleeding generally occurs at the same rate as an open surgery, it is often more difficult to find and deal with. With a laparoscope, there is a greater chance that the doctor just does not see the site of bleeding. If it persists with signs of shock or blood loss, emergency open surgery is necessary to find the source of the bleeding and stop it.
There are infection risks with laparoscopy.Either of these situations can lead to peritonitis, sepsis and death.
There are related devices to the traditional laparoscope that have their own risks and complications. Doctors can use a bronchoscope to look inside the lungs to look for cancer or to take a biopsy. Bronchoscopy itself is not as risky if the doctor just looks inside the lungs. The process can cause spasm of the bronchial tree (an asthma attack), which can be lethal