The banned militant group Islamic State (IS) has resumed talks after attacking the airport in the Afghan capital, Kabul. About 100 people have been killed so far in Thursday’s attack. IS has claimed responsibility for the attack. The full name of the ISK is Islamic State of Khorasan Province, according to the BBC. Members of this militant group are active in Pakistan as well as outside Afghanistan. According to Forbes, IS has named the branch after the historic Khorasan region. Britannica says that this Khorasan has no separate existence. The area is now divided between Iran, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan.
The beginning of ISK
The BBC says IS was in full swing at the time. These members felt that the Taliban was not strong enough or that they were not strict enough to implement their so-called ideology.
IS-K is said to be roaming the province of Nangahar in Afghanistan. In addition, they have bases in several areas in the northern part of the country. Bill Rozio, a fellow at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, told Forbes that the Taliban and the US-led Western military have faced stiff resistance in taking control of the area. However, he succeeded in fighting IS. They also roam outside these areas. They also have a presence in some parts of southern Afghanistan. Earlier, IS also attacked Kabul. They attacked a hospital in Kabul in May 2020. last time they attacked Kabul airport was on Thursday. In addition to Nangahar, IS-K has bases in Afghanistan’s Kunar and Nuristan provinces, the AFP news agency reported.
What a terrible IS
The BBC says IS is the most brutal of the militant groups now active in Afghanistan. Militants from this branch of IS have killed school-going girls, hospitals, and even pregnant women in hospital maternity units. The news agency AFP said they had sleeper cells in Afghanistan and Pakistan. According to the news agency, IS has carried out attacks on mosques in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The group targeted non-Sunni Muslims.
IS militants ambush in various cities or surrounding areas. They then continue to attack acquaintances.
What is the membership of IS-K?
The BBC says that when ISK was in full swing, it had about 3,000 militants. As a result, their membership has decreased. But the US-led Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction told the UN in June last year that IS was trying to save energy. For this, they are recruiting members from the Taliban and other organizations. However, this step does not seem to have been successful. That said, their membership is now close to five hundred.
Forbes, meanwhile, estimates that IS is much smaller in size than the Taliban. Their membership ranges from fifteen hundred to two thousand. But the number of Taliban is much higher than that. According to the US government, the Taliban has more than 75,000 members.
The Middle East still needs democracy
The most talked about political event of the last decade was the Arab Spring. The revolution, which began in Tunisia, soon spread to other countries in the Middle East. After Tunisia, power shifted to Egypt, Libya and Yemen. Countries like Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia also feel the touch of this revolution. The youth became part of the turbulent highway in an attempt to get out of the rule of unelected rulers. As the story of failure continues to grow, the dictatorship has returned to Egypt, overthrowing the democratic government. Civil wars are raging in Syria, Libya and Yemen. There have also been counter-coups in Tunisia, with democratic governments losing power. Overall, the Arab Spring has failed miserably in the eyes of many analysts.