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Plant breeding and future food security

Our daily available rice or bread will have vitamins A, B, C, or many more nutrients. This branch of science is plant breeding, where new genetic plants are constantly being created through genetic engineering.

Plant breeders have been working for a long time to produce improved crops. As a result, the yield of some crops has increased by about 50 percent. The development of crop plants actually means increasing its quality, yield, preservation capacity, and increasing tolerance against organic and inorganic stress. Over the past few decades, plant breeding has grown in importance to enhance the taste and nutritional value of food and to innovate regional varieties of different plants.

Increase yield
The world’s population is growing. At the same time, the amount of cropland is decreasing. So now a big challenge for scientists is to produce more crops on less land. development.

Salinity tolerant varieties are contributing to the increase in crop production in coastal areas. In the case of rice as food, the biggest indicator is the increase in the yield of a variety.  Through many years of efforts, breeders have now been able to develop and preserve many salinity-tolerant rice varieties. Tolerant varieties are essential for the survival of the plant and to increase its yield against all the ionic stresses and osmotic stresses caused to the plant by salinity.

Hybrid and GMO food
Hybridization is the creation of high-yielding plants by human selection in the crossing process. At present, the cultivation of various types of high-yielding hybrid fruits, vegetables, or crops has become the source of all major agricultural economies in the world. Examples are seedless watermelon, seedless citrus fruits, or improved varieties of cabbage, potatoes, etc.

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