The 7 Elements of Interior Design

As much as people refer to interior design as an art, there is also quite a lot of science behind it too. Designers will tend to follow a set of rules to assist them with creating the most amazing designs. The seven elements of interior design include:


This is without doubt, one of the single most important aspects of any design project. This can effectively be broken down into two categories – positive and negative space. Any positive space is where there is furniture etc. whereas we would define negative as empty space. Getting the balance right is the different between a good and a great project. This really can’t be emphasized enough.


Within the lines of a project, we are looking at horizontal, vertical and dynamic. Examples of horizontal lines include tables, chairs and other furniture. Vertical lines consist of things like door frames, pillars etc. As regards dynamic lines these might be diagonal or curved elements in the design that are eye catching. A common mistake is to overdo dynamic lines, and this can be rather overwhelming.


This applies to both the shape of the room and objects that are in the room. This can be a mixture of hard lines, various square edges and organic surfaces.


Next, we have light, whether artificial or natural. This can really set the mood and atmosphere within a room, and it of course very important. This therefore applies to things like lighting fixtures, dimmers, and even where partitions are removed to create more natural light for example. It’s also the job of the designer to look at what the room is being used for as to the amount and type of light that is required for effective design. 


Within the element of texture we are looking at the style of finish or the texture of an object for example. This might be a glossy paint finish, or a rustic wallpaper for example. All very important for the look and feel of a project, and keeping it within a certain look, feel, and style.


One of the core elements of any good design is the colour mapping. This is one of the first things we notice when we walk into any room, and so getting this right is super important. Certain colours will evoke certain feelings, memories, and moods, and therefore an extremely important part of a design project.


Choosing the patterns of a design really adds some interest and spice. Making the right choices here can really bring your interior design to life.

Tracey is a popular London interior designer with a range of different designs and styles to suit anyone’s tastes and requirements. For more, please get in touch with her and the team. 

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