Life is riddled with difficulties and stressful situations. It’s one person against the world which is stricken with competition, natural selection and just so many demands. It is therefore natural that the body crumbles under the pressure of the day-to-day existence. One reaction to these adverse conditions is commonly known as ‘nervous breakdown’.
What is nervous breakdown?
Although not a medical term anymore but still part of the colloquial, nervous breakdown is the onslaught of stress to the point it makes one unable to function well. The mental health of the person brings their life to a still stand. It thus comes to represent the point in life where a person is completely unable to deal with the trials of life.
The phenomenon of nervous breakdown has had very different connotations throughout time. Initially, it was used to refer to all types of psychotic illnesses and episodes. It also then came to be known as mental breakdown, although this too has become a dated term.
The name itself is also a misnomer; nervous breakdown has less to do with your nervous system per se, and more with your mental health. So, rather than rushing to Best Neurologist in Lahore, nervous breakdown entails a visit to a psychiatrist.
What are the signs of nervous breakdown?
Everyone has different response and threshold of stress. And while there is no one particular definition of what construes as nervous breakdown, it has some symptoms common across all patients suffering from intense stress:
Stress is not limited to mental health, but also damages physical health as well. It leads to insomnia or sleeplessness. It also tends to cause stomach and other bodily aches. Alongside palpitations, high blood pressure and cramped muscles, people also experience disorientation and shaking.
Many also have panic attacks. In this state, body perceives itself to be in danger and dying. Breathing becomes difficult and some experience pressure on the chest. Digestion problems are also common in this state.
Nervous breakdown also leads to social withdrawal in people. They become isolated and are more prone to becoming less conscious about their hygiene as well. Moreover, their sleep and diet also become poor, as they fail to pay attention to their being.
Calling in sick to work more often, not deriving pleasure from activities like sex, being in a state of perpetual worry and demotivated are other hallmarks of nervous breakdown.
Stressed people also experience psychological symptoms that include paranoia and intense mood swings. People also tend to lash out and are also subject to hallucinations as well.
Furthermore, many patients also have self-esteem issues. The lack of self-worth contributes to their despondence as well and further aggravates their condition.
Patients also have irritable disposition and have bouts of crying as well. They also have a quick temper. Moreover, the all-encompassing feeling of stress leads to depression. In severe cases, patients also tend to experience suicidal thoughts as well.
People who have had a traumatic incidence have this condition worsened due to PTSD.
What are the causes of nervous breakdown?
There are many psychological reasons for nervous breakdown, but chiefly, high stress situations are responsible for this condition. Loss of a loved one, divorce, losing job, academic pressure, substance abuse, having a traumatic incidence and other similar sources of chronic stress leads to nervous breakdown.
Moreover, at times underlying illnesses also can cause this condition as well. Conditions like depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, chronic pain can also lead to nervous breakdown.
What is the treatment for it?
Treatment options are aimed at the lowering stress levels. For in case the condition of the patient is very severe, they might need to be hospitalized for their condition to be stabilized. In other cases, therapy and medication alone, especially in the long term, are required.
How to recover from this condition?
Alongside medical counselling, it is also important for you to take care of yourself as well. Pay attention to your diet and make exercise a part of your daily ritual. Take up breathing exercises and meditation for managing your stress levels.
It is also important that you do not physically tire out your body. Get sufficient shuteye. If any medical condition like narcolepsy or sleep apnea is preventing you from getting enough sleep, you should visit a neurologist in Lahore and have the condition remedied.